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Charles W. Brown, DVM - My colleagues and I have found this product (transfer factor) to be very effective in modulating the immune system. Transfer factors is a "soup" of immune-modulating factors, which contains a leukocyte-type molecule that can passively transfer immunity from one mammal to another by stimulating cell-mediated immunity and is antigen specific. Richard Bennett, Ph.D., an Infectious Disease Microbiologist & Immunologist from the University of California, Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, believes this could be the most significant development in animal health care in decades. We have a great number of veterinarians and clients who are experiencing very positive results in a broad area of disorders, including periodontal. "
Steven Slagle, DVM: "Transfer factors and enhanced transfer factors have turned out to be the most effective and versatile products I have ever used in my 32-year veterinary practice. Here are a few examples:
- A foal with joint ill had been lame for 3 days with an extremely swollen hock and a 104.5 temperature. I recommended that this foal be hospitalized due to the severity of infection, but the client could not afford such care. I then recommended penicillin injections daily and transfer factors, 3 caps 3 times daily. The foal received only 2 injections of penicillin, but a full course of transfer factors. 48 hours later, my client reported a remarkably quick recovery with normal temperature and appetite with no apparent lameness.
- Victor, a 10-year-old gelding, with EPM was treated with conventional drug therapy for 5 weeks and yet continued to deteriorate. At week 6, I started him on enhanced transfer factors + (6 caps/day). Within one week, he showed noticeable improvement, and within 30 days, he was able to show. Since his full recovery 4 months ago, Victor has continued to show at his original performance level.
I have used these products as stand-alone and in conjunction with allopathic therapies in the following cases with excellent results: (Note all cancer cases were given enhanced transfer factors + only - also referred to as CANCER: Canine lipomas, Canine/feline hepatic tumors, Equine squamous cell carcinoma, Equine melanomas; Feline leukemia, oral tumors. VIRAL/BACTERIAL: Upper and lower respiratory infections, Canine/feline dermatoses, Equine/bovine scours, Equine septic arthritis, Feline abscesses. PARASITIC/FUNGAL/AUTOIMMUNE: E.P.M., Feline and equine fungal dermatitis, and Feline autoimmune gingivitis." Steven Slagle, DVMJoe Raemakers, DVM - "We recently had an experience with a 30-year-old horse who had a leg swollen from infection. I applied transfer factors directly to the leg and within 6 days the swelling was totally gone. I checked his lymphocyte level and he had a 27% increase since the use of transfer factors. THAT’S JUST PHENOMENAL!"NOTE: A number of veterinarians use the human formula of transfer factors in their practices. Diana Mc Cormick owns a magnificent black purebred Andalusianstallion, Amistad. The horse fully recovered from his cancer and other health problems with 6 capsules of transfer factor enhanced (the human formula) twice a day. A year later, Diana wrote me: "The Tumor did not reappear or Amistad did not have any set backs since I nursed him through that winter after the surgery and the following Spring. Amistad looks magnificent and he is winning everywhere, producing foals and making many more. At this time Amistad is actually in the process of being sold for $80.000 to a wonderful lady in MI. So miracles do happen, had we gone with the radiation, chances are he would have broken a leg with the weak bones and he would be sterile." Meet Amistad
Note: Dr. Slagle and Dr. Raemakers DVM used the human formulas, transfer factors or the enhanced transfer factors (TF plus) to treat the foal with swollen hock, the 10-year-old gelding with EPM, and the 30 year old horse (see information above)
Immune System: Most Popular Products...
Do you have a question about holistic equine health or need help with your horse? Barbara is knowledgeable in equine natural health care. She volunteers their time to help visitors of ShirleysWellnessCafe.com. She can be reached at 970 264 0882(CO). You may also contact Shirley at 323-522-4521 or 323-989-3372 or click here to email Shirley
Transfer Factor educational information page
Choosing To Join 4Life Means Global Opportunities
Dr. William Hennen, Ph.D. - "Transfer factors make up a highly concentrated immune messaging system, designed by nature to transfer immune programming from one individual to another, both human and animal alike." "Transfer factors are the most exciting discovery in immunology. As the 21st Century unfolds, transfer factors will be one of our greatest keys to health and well being." Dr. Hennen is Vice President of Research and Development at 4Life Research. 4life Transfer Factor
Horse with severe reaction to routine immunizations
"I have used this stress product transfer factors in several emergency cases including a horse that had a severe reaction to routine immunizations. This horse could not walk, his hind end was doubled under him and his entire body was a big spasm. He was unable to urinate and did not have a bowel movement in two days. His central nervous system was in shock. I began energy therapy and this TF animal stress product was given every 4 hours. In two days the horse was able to walk. One month later the horse shows very little permanant damage. He could have been crippled. The stress pack worked miracles. I would highly recommend transfer factor for both human and animals."
Pamela Au (Pam is also the author of "Zen and the Horse". The book is divided into four chapters: the basics, body, mind and spirit. The book expresses the need to allow nature to be the guide. Understanding natural law is consistent in all things.)
Transfer Factor is available in countries around the world: click here
Old Arabian gelding
"Sam, a 27 year old Arabian gelding. I have had him for 22 years and about 8 years ago at the age of 19 he had started showing signs of old age. He was showing signs of low energy and stiffness, it was getting more difficult for him to get up with ease. His back legs would get really swollen. There came a point where we had to move facilities and to keep him as healthy as possible I searched for something to prevent and help with the stress of the move, and that is when I ran across Transfer Factor on Shirley's Wellness Café. I started him on the Animal Stress Pack (1 box) and continued with Transfer Factor Equine Performance and Show at 2 scoops a day. Much to my surprise he took the move with great ease and I contribute that to Transfer Factor. A little time had passed and I felt like he needed additional nutrition, so I started him on marine phytoplankton FrequenSea. I gave him 2 bottle at the following doses: I started with 4 ounces the first day and second day. I found that I was going through it so fast and that it wouldn’t last me very long so I decreased it to 2 ounces for the next 3 days and then 1 ounce until it was gone, which was the last 18 days. Totaling 23 days. I noticed that his energy level improved greatly and his eyes were bright and he defiantly felt even better. His eyes and his mood tell me a lot about him. While giving the F-Sea he was much more playful with the other horses…he was so much more engaged with them. Normally he would stand alone and not do anything, you could tell he just wasn’t in to doing anything. For example when I let him out in the arena he would go at a much faster pace and throw his head like playful horses do. Prior to giving him the transfer factors and marine phytoplankton (FrequenSea) he was on the normal feed store grain that you get and everyone follows. I quickly realized that none of it was benefiting him at all, especially the senior feeds and grain mixes that most western vets recommend and horse owners use today. He has had shoes on his feet for most of his life, which have caused a great deal of damage. He has been bare foot now for about 9 months. It will take some time to repair the damage the steel shoes caused to his feet but the Transfer Factor has certainly played a huge role in getting him through the tough beginning stages of his feet starting to heal and continue to help long term. His feet are still very tender but improve greatly with time." (Tamara can be reached at (602) 790-7030 or 323-522-4521 or 323-989-3372 or )
Dr. Joe Ramaekers DVM has been studying the application of transfer factors products in the young calf. These animals are often gathered from several dairy farms as youngsters and shipped by truck to another distant farm to be raised. The commingling, trucking for hundreds of miles, and general stress of being in a new environment with a bunch of new animals pushing and shoving them around, inevitably causes many calves to break with “shipping fever.” This is an old term for infectious pneumonia caused by a number of organisms. It results in death loss commonly, though the farmers try to prevent this with massive doses of antibiotics. Treatment in this way saves some, at great expense and toxicity, but many do not respond. Dr. Ramaekers has found that the Transfer Factor products, given beforehand, prevent this illness in a very high percentage of cases, approaching 100%.
The following testimonies are from Molly Metz, DVM, Lexington, Kentucky:
- A 3-yr-old warmblood with history of chronic cough and nasal discharge was unresponsive to antibiotics. Within two weeks of being on Transfer Factor, both the nasal discharge and cough went away. This colt is being maintained on a maintenance dose of transfer factor horse formula.
The following are testimonies from Lisa Hampton, Trainer, in Montana:
- A 19-yr-old late gestation mare had stringhalt, ataxia, and moderate ear droop. I began the mare on TF Performance and Show to improve its immune function prior to foaling. After 30 days of being on the TF Performance and Show, this mare had no evidence of stringhalt or ataxia, and only a mild ear droop. This is the first time in her life she was able to pull her ear forward in a normal position. She also is cushionoid and suffered miserably in last summer's heat, being unable to sweat. This spring, when temperatures reached 80 degrees, she was sweating in the field.
- I had a 2-year-old thoroughbred filly with a history of multiple bone pain and suspected neurological condition. This filly was diagnosed with physitis in multiple bones (via bone scan) and as a wobbler on radiographs. I placed her on the transfer factors animal products to see if she could be improved enough to go into training. The farm has begun breaking her and her movement has improved by approximately 80%. I am waiting to hear if the farm feels she's good enough to go to the track.
- There was a 14-year-old quarter horse with a long history of depression and high eosinophil count. I used transfer factor horse formula on this horse on the presumption that he suffered from some kind of allergy or possible cancer. This horse responded tremendously with his attitude. (i.e., much more energy and enthusiasm) but his blood work has remained unchanged.
Immune System Most Popular Products...
- A 9-yr- old Friesian gelding developed severe dermatitis in January 2001. The gelding went from being a beautiful black horse with full mane and tail to having huge bald spots all over his body. He lost his entire mane and most of his tail. Our vet, Mike Marrinan, visited twice weekly to do Betadine scrubs and he put Prince on antibiotics. Dr. Marrinan took biopsies and sent them to two universities. He spoke with numerous specialists, but none could tell us what was wrong. Our last resort was to put him on steroids. His lesions gradually cleared and his hair started to grow back. By the summer of 2001 we were again riding Prince; however, it became evident that the steroids were negatively affecting him. He was not holding his weight and became spooky and unpredictable.
- In the fall of 2001 Dr. Marrinan decided to gradually take him off steroids. Two weeks after he concluded steroid use, a fresh lesion appeared on his face. His immune system was severely compromised, White blood count was 3000 (normal is 15,000). He developed a chronic eye infection and then really got sick. His fever spiked, he became depressed, and stopped eating and drinking. Dr. Marrinan tried Sulfa drugs and IV's for three days. He put him on Naxel; nothing worked. Prince had given up; we were sure he was dying. I came across an article in The Horse regarding the immune system. It spoke of a product called Transfer Factor. Upon finding an ad for the product I called Dr. Marrinan and asked him about it. He said, "try it, nothing else is working." I got a two week allotment of transfer factor animal stress formula. We didn't want to commit to more; we had already spent thousands of dollars on Prince. There comes a time when you have to be realistic and say enough is enough. After ten days on the TF Animal Stress Pack, brightness came back into Prince's eyes which we hadn't seen in months. His appetite increased and he was drinking water again. I called my friend and ordered a bucket of transfer factor horse formula. I was also sent a free TF Animal Stress Pack because it was felt that Prince needed to continue on it. We put Prince on half the recommended dose of TF Performance and Show and half a dose of TF Animal Stress Pack. After two weeks his coat started getting glossy again and his appetite returned. Two and a half months later he is fully recovered! He is playing in the field again; his mane and tail are growing back; his dermatitis is gone; and his eyes are bright and clear! It is so awesome to see Prince running across the field kicking up his heels with his pasture pals! I truly believe that Transfer Factor has saved Prince's life.
- I had a 9-yr-old quarter horse mare named Annie. She started colicking on a Sunday and was suffering from a severe compaction. It became obvious by the second day that we were not dealing with a normal colic. She was showing some neurological signs and her temperature would bounce from 96 to 102. Our vet, Mike Marrinan, came out every day to tube her with mineral oil and give her IVs. Her blood test showed her liver and kidney functions were off, as was her blood count. On day three her gums were bright fuschia, her pulse was 78 and her capillary refill time was 4 seconds; we thought we were going to lose her. Day four she started passing stools. Day five she got severe diarrhea. The diarrhea and depression lasted for five days. She lost about 200 pounds and her coat turned coarse and dull. She had patches of skin that were sloughing and her extremities were swelling, including her face. All of these were signs that she was fighting something toxic. I started her on transfer factor for horse formula and ordered transfer factor for animals in stress. After four days of being on that she started eating aggressively, jigged to the pasture, and her eyes were bright and clear. She has put most of her weight back on. Annie was 30 days pregnant when she colicked, you can't imagine our joy when we did a 65-day ultrasound and saw her fetus doing back flips. We continue to feed Annie TF Performance and Show throughout her pregnancy. I am convinced that Transfer Factor is helping her body fight and the probiotics are aiding in the digestion and healing her gut.
- I had a six-week old quarter horse foal. Monday morning I entered the stall and the foal was lying down looking depressed. The mare has a swollen udder; obviously the foal was not eating. The foal's temperature was 102.5. Whenever a foal gets sick it makes you feel so helpless, as they can dehydrate quickly and really go downhill fast. I immediately made a paste with 1/4 scoop of TF Performance and Show, sulfa tabs, and electrolytes. I gave the paste to the foal both morning and night, and milked out the mare to keep her comfortable. On day two, the foal had severe diarrhea and was still not eating, and was still depressed. I continued giving the transfer factor horse formula and antibiotics. Day four I had to chase the little guy down to paste him. His temperature was 99 and he was nursing again; he had no diarrhea. On day five you would have never known the foal had been sick. He was running and playing and, remarkably, had lost no weight. I continued to paste him for seven days. I have never had a foal recover this quickly from fever and diarrhea...and no vet bills. Transfer Factor is available in countries around the world: click here
The American Medical Review: Transfer Factor
The Germ Survival Guide recommends transfer factors. This new book written by Kenneth A. Bock, M.D., Steven J. Bock, M.D. is designed to give families and individuals preventative strategies to use to protect against germs and environmental threats. Transfer factors are extolled in the book as an effective way to optimize immune system function so that personal immunity is at its best in the face of a variety of health threats.If the video below does not show/play, download the flash player
about Transfer Factors
Factor Natural Immune Booster By William J. Hennen Ph.D.
Do you have a question about holistic equine health or need help with your
horse? Patricia Wilson is an expert in equine health and is familiar with
Transfer Factor. She volunteers her time to help visitors of ShirleysWellnessCafe.com.
She can be reached at 323-522-4521 or
More at Shirley's Wellness
Healthy Pets Naturally - An Overview
Immune System Most Popular Products...
The American Medical Review: Transfer Factor
Equine Immune System & Nutritional Support With Transfer Factors for Animal
Below is a partial list of equine recommendations compiled by veterinarians with experience in using these products. Expected response time (RT) will give you an idea of when you can expect to see a positive change in the condition, not complete remission or resolution.
These suggestions were written by veterinarians using and recommending these products. They are intended to give veterinary practitioners a general guideline for using transfer factors for animals in a clinical setting.
- Allergic Skin Problems – Acute—One Animal Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic, then switch to Equine Performance and Show at Standard level. Chronic—Equine Performance and Show at standard level. RT 3-5 days
- Bacterial Diseases - One Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic. RT 2-7 days
- Cushing’s Syndrome - Start with Equine Performance and Show at standard level. If desired results are not obtained, then double Performance and Show dosage. RT 1-6 months In severe cases, up to 18 months
- EPM- Start with one Stress Pack per day for 7 days then switch to Equine performance and show at standard level. If desired results are not obtained then double Performance and Show dosage. RT 1-3 months
- Founder – Acute—Tube two Stress Packs then administer one Stress Pack BID 2-3 days, then switch to Equine Performance and Show at standard level. Chronic—Performance and Show at standard level.
- Heaves- One Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic, then switch to Performance and Show at standard level. RT 2-10 days
- Hypothyroidism- Start with Equine Performance and Show at standard level. If desired results are not obtained, then double Performance and Show dosage. RT 3-12 months
- Newborn Foals-1/2 Stress Pack per day for 5-7 days.
- Pigeon Fever (corynebacterium abscesses)-One Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic. RT 3-10 days
- Scours- One Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic. RT 3-5 days
- Strangles- One Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic. RT 3-10 days
- Stress Situations (shipping, showing, racing, etc.) – One Stress Pack per day for 2 days prior to event, during, and after event.
- Surgery – Start one Stress Pack per day four days prior to surgery and continue three days after surgery, then switch to Performance and Show.
- Tumors - Start with One Stress Pack per day for 7 days then switch to Equine Performance and Show at standard level. If desired results are not obtained then double Performance and Show dosage. RT 1-3 months
- Viral Diseases- One Stress Pack per day until asymptomatic. RT 2-7 days
- Ocular Disease or Trauma- One Stress Pack per day. RT 2-7 days
- Soft Tissue Wounds- One Stress Pack per day until resolved.
Equine Protozoa Myeloencephalitis (EPM) and Transfer Factor: A new paradigm for the treatment and prevention of infections and stress induced immune suppression
R.H. Bennett Ph.D.
Introduction: EPM and other chronic diseases of horses and other mammals have a pattern of wide geographic exposure to significant proportions of an animal population, yet a small subset of the exposed progress to clinical disease. This proportionality suggests that other modifying factors have a major role in disease expression. The case in point here is EPM. There is wide environmental exposure, as evidenced by seroconversion, yet only 1 to 2 percent become clinically affected. The phenotype of the individual most likely is a major determinant.
Horses that are highly genetically selected for performance or type traits most likely lose genetic potentials for robust immune responsiveness, as is the case for most species. Those individuals that experience the stressors of transportation and training may then present a phenotype that is immunologically stress sensitive. This subset is apparently small, but may be the group most likely to succumb to immune challenges like that of EPM. The question then is how can the immune abilities of the animal be supported to restore these phenotypic challenges?
1. EPM: Equine Protozoal Myeloencephalitis.
a. A protozoal infection that progresses to affect the CNS.
i. Most do not, 90+%
ii. Large exposed population
1. 60+% seropositive
a. Up to 96% in some areas
b. Opossums and other small mammals are hosts and carriers
i. Habitats for opossums, skunks and raccoons are higher risk areas for horses
c. Horses at risk are
i. In opossum skunk and raccoon habitat (possibly domestic and feral cats)
1. Likely grazing vs. stabled
ii. Genetically selected
iii. Performance training or otherwise stressed
i. The typical infection is resolved or contain successfully
1. T cell immunity plays two roles
a. CMI destroys the pathogen
b. T Helper 2 cells facilitate the production of high affinity antibodies
c. Immune pathology is limited
i. Shorter duration
iii. Resolution and immune down regulation
ii. Chronic infection
1. Immune responsiveness is diminished or may be limited by lower affinity antibody
a. May offer protection
i. Hides key antigenic sites
2. Invasion into more sensitive tissues
i. Delayed immune recognition and response.
1. Allows for greater infective mass
2. Deeper invasion of critical CNS tissues
ii. Delayed CMI associated with
1. Immune pathology to CNS
a. Dexamethazone and other anti inflammatory drugs modify the pathology and the clinical signs.
i. In the study by T Bello DVM
1. Transfer Factor improved the response to therapy
a. TF is shown in our research to augment CMI, especially when it is depressed
b. TF is shown in our work to augment pathogen specific CMI, if the host has some immune memory to the agent.
c. Approximately a 20% improvement over standard therapies
ii. Preventive Immune support
1. In the Bello study, TF appeared to offset the phenotypic deficit created by exercise stress in exposed horses
f. The New Paradigm
i. Breeding programs for type and performance may detract from immune vigor
1. This population may be more stress sensitive to immune function as well
ii. Stress plays a role in a number of animal disease expression
1. Chronic stress is globally immunosuppressive
iii. Stressors and intense breeding programs are not likely to be
altered for the economic incentives are large
iv. Prevention of chronic infections, whether modified by stress or not may benefit significantly from direct and indirect immune function support
1. Transfer factors
2. Nano fraction
3. Immune support nutrients and diet
1. Utilization of stress in the development of an equine model for equine protozoal myeloencephalitis. Veterinary parasitology 2001;95(2-4):211-22.
Neurologic disease in horses caused by Sarcocystis neurona is difficult to diagnose, treat, or prevent, due to the lack of knowledge about the pathogenesis of the disease. This in turn is confounded by the lack of a reliable equine model of equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM). Epidemiologic studies have implicated stress as a risk factor for this disease, thus, the role of transport stress was evaluated for incorporation into an equine model for EPM. Sporocysts from feral opossums were bioassayed in interferon-gamma gene knockout (KO) mice to determine minimum number of viable S. neurona sporocysts in the inoculum. A minimum of 80,000 viable S. neurona sporocysts were fed to each of the nine horses. A total of 12 S. neurona antibody negative horses were divided into four groups (1-4). Three horses (group 1) were fed sporocysts on the day of arrival at the study site, three horses were fed sporocysts 14 days after acclimatization (group 2), three horses were given sporocysts and dexamethasone 14 days after acclimatization (group 3) and three horses were controls (group 4).
All horses fed sporocysts in the study developed antibodies to S. neurona in serum and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and developed clinical signs of neurologic disease. The most severe clinical signs were in horses in group 1 subjected to transport stress. The least severe neurologic signs were in horses treated with dexamethasone (group 3). Clinical signs improved in four horses from two treatment groups by the time of euthanasia (group 1, day 44; group 3, day 47). Post-mortem examinations, and tissues that were collected for light microscopy, immunohistochemistry, tissue cultures, and bioassay in KO mice, revealed no direct evidence of S. neurona infection. However, there were lesions compatible with S. neurona infection in horses. The results of this investigation suggest that stress can play a role in the pathogenesis of EPM. There is also evidence to suggest that horses in nature may clear the organism routinely, which may explain the relatively high number of normal horses with CSF antibodies to S. neurona compared to the prevalence of EPM.
2. Serum antibodies to West Nile virus in naturally exposed and vaccinated horses Louis A. Magnarelli1, Sandra L. Bushmich2, John F. Anderson1, Michel Ledizet3 and Raymond A. Koski3 J Med Microbiol 57 (2008), 1087-1093;
1 Connecticut Agricultural Experiment Station, New Haven, CT 06504, USA 2 Department of Pathobiology and Veterinary Science, University of Connecticut, Storrs, CT 06269, USA 3 L2 Diagnostics, 300 George Street, New Haven, CT 06511, USA
A polyvalent ELISA and plaque reduction neutralization tests (PRNTs) were used to measure serum antibodies to West Nile virus (WNV) in horses naturally exposed to or vaccinated against this flavivirus in Connecticut and New York State, USA. Relying on a PRNT as a ‘gold standard’, the main objective was to validate a modified ELISA containing a recombinant WNV envelope protein antigen. It was also important to assess specificity by testing sera from horses that had other, undiagnosed illnesses. Sera for the latter study were obtained from 43 privately owned horses during 1995–1996. Analyses by an ELISA and a PRNT confirmed the presence of WNV antibodies in 21 (91 %) of 23 sera from naturally exposed horses and in 85 % of the 20 vaccinated subjects; overall results for both study groups were highly concordant (91 % agreement). Humoral responses of naturally exposed and immunized horses were similar. Both
serological tests were useful in confirming past infections with WNV, but there was no evidence that horses with undiagnosed illnesses were exposed to WNV prior to a 1999 outbreak in Connecticut, USA.
3. Exercise alters the immune response to equine influenza virus and increases susceptibility to infection
R. W. FOLSOM, M. A. LITTLEFIELD-CHABAUD†, D. D. FRENCH‡, S. S. POURCIAU, L. MISTRIC and D. W. HOROHOV* Equine vet. J. (2001) 33 (7) 664-669
Equine influenza virus remains a major health concern for the equine industry in spite of ongoing vaccination programmes. Previous work has shown that the immune system of horses can be affected by strenuous exercise. The possible adverse consequence of exercise-induced alterations in lymphocyte responses measured in vitro was unknown. Here we demonstrate that subjecting vaccinated ponies to a 5 day strenuous exercise programme results in a significant suppression of their T cell-mediated immune response to equine influenza virus as measured by decreased
lymphoproliferation and gamma interferon pro duction measured in vitro. These same ponies also demonstrated increased susceptibility to influenza disease following a challenge exposure to the same strain of virus. Rested ponies that had received the same vaccine and challenge were completely protected from disease. Our results demonstrate that exercise-induced suppression of the equine immune response to influenza virus can be associated with an increased susceptibility to disease.
3. Seroprevalence of antibodies to Sarcocystis neurona in equids residing in Oklahoma
J Vet Diagn Invest 15:597–600 (2003) Bradford G. Bentz1, Katie A. Ealey, Jennifer Morrow, P. L. Claypool, Jeremiah T. Saliki
Abstract. A sampling of equids from the state of Oklahoma produced an estimate of seroprevalence of antibody to Sarcocystis neurona to be about 89.2%. (note: up to 96% in the Eastern Counties) This figure represents the highest currently reported regional seroprevalence of antibody to this organism. Regional differences in seroprevalence were found in the western
quadrants of the state relative to the eastern quadrants of the state, with a significantly higher seroprevalence in the eastern regions. Thoroughbreds were found to exhibit a statistically significant lower seroprevalence as a breed group when compared with other breeds sampled. Immune System Most Popular Products...
Do you have a question about holistic equine health or need help with your horse? Barbara is knowledgeable in equine natural health care and she volunteers her time to help visitors of ShirleysWellnessCafe.com. She can be reached at 970 264 0882 (CO) or you may contact Shirley at 323-522-4521 or 323-989-3372 or
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Equine Holistic Health - Natural Holistic Horse Care and Nutrition
Horses just like any other animal or human benefit from more natural care. The best place to start is the diet, as this is the main foundation of any natural health care system. Equine ntritional Therapy, Massage, Acupressure, Acupuncture, Chiropractic, Herbal Therapy Homeopathy, Magnetic Therapy, Massage, and more. Our soil, plants, and especially commercial foods are woefully deficient in key nutrients. Scientists theorize that mineral deficiency subjects us, and our animals to more diseases, aging, sickness and destruction of our physical well-being than any other factor in personal health.