The Causal Link to Sudden Infant Death
Japan changed the start time for vaccinating from 3 months to
two years and straight away their SIDS rate plummeted
Raymond Obomsawin, M.D. - "Delay of DPT
immunization until 2 years of age in Japan has resulted in a dramatic
decline in adverse side effects. In the period of 1970-1974, when DPT
vaccination was begun at 3 to 5 months of age, the Japanese national
compensation system paid out claims for 57 permanent severe damage
vaccine cases, and 37 deaths. During the ensuing six year period
1975-1980, when DPT injections were delayed to 24 months of age, severe
reactions from the vaccine were reduced to a total of eight with three
deaths. This represents an 85 to 90 percent reduction in severe cases
of damage and death."
William C. Torch, M.D "These data show
that DPT vaccination may be a generally unrecognized major cause of sudden
infant and early childhood death, and that the risks of immunization may outweigh
its potential benefits. A need for re-evaluation and possible modification of current
vaccination procedures is indicated by this study."
William C. Torch, M.D., Director of Child Neurology, Department of Paediatrics,
University of Nevada School of Medicine
Dr Mendelsohn, M.D. - "My suspicion, which is shared
by others in my profession, is that the nearly 10,000 SIDS deaths that
occur in the United States each year are
related to one or more of the
vaccines that are routinely given children. The pertussis vaccine is
the most likely villain, but it could also be one or more of the others."
Harris L. Coulter, PhD. - "Crib death" was so infrequent
in the pre-vaccination era that it was not even mentioned in the statistics,
but it started to climb in the 1950s with the spread of mass vaccination
against diseases of childhood."
William Howard Hay, M.D. "I have run against so
many histories of little children who had
never seen a sick day until they were vaccinated and who, in the several
years that have followed, have never seen a well day since. I couldn't
put my finger on the disease they have. They just weren't strong. Their
resistance was gone. They were perfectly well before they were vaccinated.
They have never been well since."
Vaccine Reaction Images from the CDC Warning: these are horrific
images of severe vaccine reactions in babies and children.
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Parents Receive $2B Compensation Pay-outs
October 2007 New England Journal of Medicine :
$2B compensation pay-outs - Vaccine manufacturers have paid
out nearly $2B in damages to parents in America whose children were
harmed by one of the childhood jabs such as the MMR (measles-mumps-rubella)
or DPT (diphtheria-pertussis-tetanus). In all, around 2,000 families
have received compensation payments that have averaged $850,000 each.
There are a further 700 claims that are going through the pipeline.
None of the claims is for autism as medical researchers say
failed to find a link between the disease and the MMR vaccine, despite
the initial findings made by Dr Andrew Wakefield. Instead they are for
a wide spectrum of physical and mental conditions that are likely to
have been caused by one of the vaccinations.
Around 7,000 parents have
filed a claim of an adverse reaction with America's Vaccine Injury Compensation
Program (VICP). To win an award, the claimant must prove a causal link
to a vaccine. As the medical establishment has refused to recognise
any link to autism, the VICP has so far rejected 300 claims for this
outright. (Source: New England Journal of Medicine, 2007; 357: 1275-9).
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS), Autism and “Shaken Baby Syndrome (and
and many other physiological and neurological complications) are currently
epidemic throughout the world. Australia's Viera Scheibner, Ph.D., gave
a presentation at Templin's Resort here October 21 which gave an explanation
as to why this is happening to us. “Our breathing monitor scientifically
established the causal link between vaccines and sudden infant death,”
said Dr. Scheibner.
Dr. Scheibner's Scientifically Flawless Arguments
In 1985 Dr. Scheibner, a former principle research scientist for the
government of Australia, and her husband electrochemical engineer Leif
Karlsson invented the CotWatch breathing monitor for babies who are
diagnosed “at risk” for SIDS, or “Cot Death” as it is known in Australia.
Over the next three years, the couple monitored hundreds of babies and
studied the event reports that their CotWatch produced. “By 1988 we
knew that vaccines are killing babies,” said Dr. Scheibner Ph.D.
SIDS occurs among babies who have suffered a physical insult to their
vulnerable bodies. Scheibner and Karlsson learned that the most common
physical insult suffered by SIDS babies was routine vaccinations. Printouts
from their monitor illuminated patterns that indicated critical days
Video: Dr Tenpenny, What the CDC documents say about vaccines.
Once they had proven to themselves the causal link between vaccines
and SIDS and had appropriately analyzed and documented their findings,
Scheibner and Karlsson submitted their work to the medical community
for peer review. Rather than attempt to duplicate their work or alter
public health policy to protect infants, the majority of the medical
community's members chose to protect the interests of vaccine manufacturers.
In 1988 the Japanese government began recommending that children
not be vaccinated until age two. SIDS has returned to Japan since the
government now recommends vaccinations be administered at three months.
Rather than be defeated by allopathic medicine's insistence upon
protecting vaccine manufacturers interests over the lives of their tiniest
patients, Dr. Scheibner went to work in what she refers as, “the salt
mines -- science.” From approximately 7:30 p.m. until nearly midnight,
Dr. Scheibner showed how her findings through CotWatch were supported
in published medical literature.
The bottom line to Dr. Scheibner's scientifically flawless arguments
is that those who are designing and implementing vaccine policy are
doing so with the full knowledge that their policies are killing babies.
Furthermore, published medical literature shows that vaccines are altering
the genetic code of people and causing them to suffer damage to their
immune systems which is making them vulnerable to numerous physical
and psychological complications.
Vaccine advocates cannot debate Dr. Scheibner, nor can they defend
their motives because the very scientific journals upon which they depend
for support, The Journal of the American Medical Association, the Lancet
and the New England Journal of Medicine have all published reports that
support her findings. indings.
If the head of your local health department's vaccination program
were to experience Dr. Scheibner's lecture and then continue advocating
mass vaccination as sound public health policy, there would only be
one question left to ask him: Why should you not be prosecuted for conspiracy
to commit murder?
Dr. Scheibner has written two painstakingly referenced and footnoted
books on the subject. “Vaccination: 100 Years of Orthodox Research Shows
Vaccinations are a Medical Assault on the Immune System” and “
Problems in Childhood: The Link to Vaccination”
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Email Shirley or call 323-522-4521
Is It Child Abuse, Or Something Else Entirely?
Often a child will be thought to have been abused,
when in fact low
vitamin C stores, combined with the stresses of vaccination or infection,
may have produced the physical signs suggesting abuse. Bruising, subdural
hematoma, brain swelling, retinal hemorrhages, and even rib fractures
are all signs of severe vitamin C deficiency, or infantile scurvy; but
the need for blood vitamin C analysis and appropriate treatment may
not be appreciated. A recent article by C. Alan B. Clemetson, M.D.,
 described signs like retinal petechiae, subdural hemorrhages, and
broken bones, often thought to be indications of child abuse or trauma.
He believes that these signs could be a result of a variant form of
In 1986 Connaught Laboratories a DPT vaccine manufacturer included in
their product insert, "SIDS has occurred in infants following the administration
of DPT. One study has showed no casual connection." Then in 1984 Wyeth
Laboratories another DPT manufacturer included
in their product insert "The occurrence of SIDS has been reported following
administration of DPT. The significance of these reports is unclear."
Most vaccine-induced deaths in this country are listed as SIDS and
SIDS statistics are NOT included in vaccine adverse reaction data, even
if a child dies only a few hours after receiving inoculation.
100 Years of Orthodox Research shows
that Vaccines Represent a Medical Assault on the Immune System"
Viera Scheibner PhD
Eleven years ago, Dr Viera Scheibner became involved
in the CotWatch programme, designed to monitor childhood breathing patterns.
It soon became apparent that children reached a crisis condition coincidental
to the day of vaccination. Indeed, Dr Scheibner has scientific evidence
to show that Sudden Infant Death Syndrome, or Cot Death, is a 'convenient
bin in which to throw vaccine-damanged children'.
US Senators Fast-track a Bill to Protect Vaccine Manufacturers
Seven US Senators introduced a bill to protect
vaccine manufacturers from thousands of pending federal lawsuits filed
by parents of vaccine-damaged children. On the eve of an historic, billion-dollar
world vaccination campaign, a leaked transcript ignites questions of
vaccine safety and research corruption. Meanwhile,
fast-track a bill to protect vaccine manufacturers from litigation
. With millions
of lives at stake, and billions of dollars to lose, will a merger of
philanthropy, big business and compromised science win an epic race
between corporate agendas and medical ethics? In this world exclusive
report, Byron Child exposes how the most powerful medical research bodies
in the United States compromise their vaccine safety research for vested
interests, as they assist in a global vaccine policy, while a bill looms
in the background to protect it all.
Link Between DPT Vaccine, SIDS and Seizures
Studies are demonstrating a relationship between the DPT vaccine
SIDS and Seizures. Dr. Harris L. Coulter, Ph.D. found 239 seizures
without an apparent predisposing cause among the children in the target
population. One case, in particular, is worth describing: "
The single seizure that
occurred within three days of a DPT was in an 11-month old white girl
who suffered a 2 ½ hour generalized tonic-clonic seizure on the evening of
her third DPT-oral poliovirus vaccination. Her temperature during the seizure
was 39 degrees C. (102.2 degrees F.). Results of CSF studies were normal.
There was a transient left hemiparesis and right sixth nerve paresis.
She was treated with phenobarbitol. At 6 years of age, while still taking
phenobarbitol, she was experiencing rare focal left-sided seizures in the
absence of fever and continued to have abnormal EEG tracings." However,
this and the other 238 cases were explained away by the authors as part
of the "expected incidence" of seizures in this population, a "background"
incidence, as it were.
"So we have witnessed a steady rise in the incidence of SIDS,
closely following the growth in childhood vaccinations. But information on the
progress of this epidemic has been radically suppressed in the official literature.
Whereas in earlier decades -- up to the end of the 1950s -- the medical
establishment could recognize the fact of death after vaccination, more recently,
as the official position has hardened, the earlier concessions have been withdrawn,
and vaccinations of all kinds are now declared absolutely safe at all times and
in all places. This has required some fancy footwork with the epidemiologic statistics"
A study undertaken at the University of California, Los Angeles,
under the sponsorship of the Food and Drug Administration, and which
has been confirmed by other studies, links DPT (diphtheria, pertussis,
tetanus) vaccination, and more specifically the pertussis component,
to sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study found that 53 of
145 SIDS victims whose families were interviewed had received a DPT
vaccination within 4 weeks. The authors conclude that "the excess of
deaths in the 24 hours and first week following immunization and the
absence of deaths in the fourth week following immunizations were significant."
They call for more studies to substantiate their findings, despite the
fact that this is already the third investigation, and all 3 have pointed
in the same direction. (Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal, 1983.
Possible temporal association between diphtheria - tetanus toxoid -
pertussis vaccination and sudden infant death syndrome. Baraff, L.J.,
Ablon, W.J., Weiss, R.C.)
"Sudden Infant Death Syndrome has been reported following administration
of DPT. The significance is unclear.85% of SIDS cases occur in the period
1 through 6 months of age, with the peak incidence at age 2 to 4 months."
From the accompanying insert to Connaught Labs DPT shot.
"The evidence for indicting immunizations for SIDS is circumstantial,
but compelling. However, the keepers of the keys to medical-research
funds are not interested in researching this very important lead to
the cause of an ongoing, and possibly preventable, tragedy. Anything
that implies that immunizations are not the greatest medical advance
in the history of public health is ignored or ridiculed. Can you imagine
the economic and political import of discovering that immunizations
are killing thousands of babies?" Dr William C. Douglass, M.D. (Honored
twice as America's 'Doctor of the Year')
Moulden BA, MA, MD, PhD. - "Baby M was a healthy child. On January
24th, 2007, at 15 months of age, this child received an MMR vaccination
administered at Harbor Pediatrics, Orange County, California, as part
of the standard well baby examination/follow-up. Within hours of vaccination
this child began exhibiting symptoms and signs consistent with an adverse
reaction to vaccination. He became withdrawn, listless, bradyphrenic,
and bradykinetic. He exhibited increased sensitivity to noxious stimuli.
He exhibited a progressive decrease in spontaneous vocalizations. He
developed difficulties moving his arms and legs. He had testicular swelling.
His facial expression and animation became flat. Subtle ischemic bulbar
palsies emerged. He experienced emesis 2 days post vaccination. Child
Michael's condition continued to deteriorate, neurobehaviorally, despite
the families repeat visits to medical professionals seeking answers
to Child MTM’s emerging clinical symptoms and signs. Ultimately, the
deterioration progressed to seizures, apnea, intubation (respiratory
failure in hospital), and brain death. This was a progressive decline
in function over a 19 day period."
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Vaccine and Asthma, Is There a Connection?
Published in the Journal of the American Medical Association,
a 1994 study found that children diagnosed with asthma (a respiratory
ailment not unlike SIDS) were five times more likely than not to have
received pertussis vaccine. Another study found that babies die
at a rate eight times greater than normal within three days after getting
a DPT shot. The three primary doses of DPT are given at two months,
four months, and six months. About 85 percent of SIDS cases occur at
one through six months, with the peak incidence at age two to four months.
In a recent scientific study of SIDS, episodes of apnea (cessation
of breathing) and hypopnea (abnormally shallow breathing) were measured
before and after DPT vaccinations. "Cotwatch" (a precise breathing monitor)
was used, and the computer printouts it generated (in integrals of the
weighted apnea-hypopnea density -- WAHD) were analyzed. The data clearly
shows that vaccination caused an extraordinary increase in episodes
where breathing either nearly ceased or stopped completely. These episodes
continued for months following vaccinations. Dr. Viera Scheibner, the
author of the study, concluded that "vaccination is the single most
prevalent and most preventable cause of infant deaths."
Hepatitis B vaccine Connection to SIDS
BELKIN'S WRITTEN TESTIMONY TO CONGRESS
"My daughter Lyla Rose Belkin died on September 16, 1998 at the age
of five weeks, about 15 hours after receiving her second Hepatitis B
vaccine booster shot. Lyla was a lively, alert five-week-old baby when
I last held her in my arms. Little did I imagine as she gazed intently
into my eyes with all the innocence and wonder of a newborn child that
she would die that night. She was never ill before receiving the Hepatitis
B shot that afternoon. At her final feeding that night, she was extremely
agitated, noisy and feisty -- and then she fell asleep suddenly and
stopped breathing. The autopsy ruled out choking. The NY Medical Examiner
ruled her death Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). But the NY Medical
Examiner (Dr. Persechino) neglected to mention Lyla’s swollen brain
or the hepatitis B vaccine in the autopsy report. The coroner spoke
to my wife and I and our pediatrician (Dr. Zullo) the day of the autopsy
and clearly stated that her brain was swollen. "
In a report in the JAMA (May 94 Vol 271 No 20) from a summary of
a report from the Institute of Medicine which states a causal relationship
with Anaphylaxis and Hepatitis B vaccine and cannot accept or
reject a causal relation with Gullian-Barre Syndrome, DemyelinatingDisease
of the Central Nervous System, Arthritis and SIDS. JAMA (May 94 Vol
271 No 20)
Hepatitis B Vaccine- Experimenting
on our Children
AND CRIMINAL CONSEQUENCES OF VACCINE INJURY
by Rev. Alan Phillips
Vaccine injuries can have both civil and criminal ramifications.
This paper explores civil management of vaccine injury for victims seeking
compensation through the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program
( Part I ), and discusses
the potentially devastating consequences that can befall a family when
injuries caused by vaccines are mistakenly attributed to physical abuse
inflicted by a caretaker.
Decades of studies published in the world’s leading medical journals
have documented vaccine failure and serious adverse vaccine events,
including death. Dozens of books written by doctors, researchers, and
independent investigators reveal serious flaws in immunization theory
and practice. Yet, incredibly, most pediatricians and parents are unaware
of these findings.
Shaken Baby Syndrome or Vaccine-Induced Encephalitis?
New Scientist recently published a study that challenges the widely
held view that only extreme violence causes shaken baby syndrome and
calls into question the scientific evidence behind many convictions
for killing infants. Many parents have been charged with murder for
allegedly shaking their babies to death, but medical evidence suggests
that vaccinations are to blame in a large number of these cases.
"Shaken baby syndrome (SBS) commonly describes a combination of subdural
hematoma, retinal hemorrhage, and diffuse axonal injury (DAI) as the
triad of diagnostic criteria. In some, the presence of rib or other
fractures is also taken as a sign of abuse. The basic issue to be reviewed
here is whether or not in some instances in which a father, family member,
or caretaker has been accused of causing the death of an infant or child
from the SBS, the true cause of death was a catastrophic vaccine reaction.
Few published studies on vaccine effects include before-and-after studies
of immune parameters or brain function studies such as electroencephalograms,
or long-term safety monitoring. Inadequate consideration has been given
to the additive or synergistic adverse effects of multiple simultaneous
vaccines, although in the case of toxic chemicals, two compounds together
may be 10 times more toxic than either separately, or 3 compounds 100
times more toxic." Harold E. Buttram, MD Polio/DPT
vaccine and SIDS
The only "SIDS" case I have had in my practise (20 yrs, 800 births)
was a little boy named Sam....
Homeopathic Answer For Vaccination
Frank King, Jr., Ph.D.
Evidence is mounting on both sides of the vaccination issue. Minor
symptoms to lifelong diseases can occur from either not being immunized,
or more frighteningly, from being immunized! The legal ramifications
can be equally, if not more, devastating. The truth is the more you
study both sides of the issue, the more you see a lose-lose scenario.
Actually the results of this vaccination perplexion is a new mental
condition called “vaccination anxiety.” The good news is the benefits
of homeopathy can turn this scenario into a win-win situation for everybody.
After the vaccinations: homeopathic support can help you and your child get
through the milder aftereffects of many vaccinations.
What Every Parent Should Know BEFORE Their Children Are Vaccinated!
Why are a growing number of parents and health care professionals
around the world questioning vaccination? The controversy stems from
the thousands of deaths and permanent disabilities attributed to vaccination
annually, as well as the many published medical studies, government
congressional testimonies, and other credible sources that directly
contradict commonly held assumptions about vaccine safety and effectiveness.
Bart Classen, a Maryland physician, published data showing that diabetes
rates rose significantly in New Zealand following a massive hepatitis
B vaccine campaign in young children, and that diabetes rates also went
up sharply in Finland after three new childhood vaccines were introduced.
In fall 1997, two influential professional magazines featured articles
asking the question: Has the decrease of infectious diseases in childhood
through the mass use of vaccines been replaced with an increase in chronic
diseases such as diabetes and asthma? The Economist, a prestigious international
magazine read by world leaders in government, business and public policy,
and Science News, a magazine read by both health care
professionals and the general public, explored the reported links
between vaccines and chronic
diseases in their November 22, 1997 issues.
This child died as a result of vaccines (CDC website)
Congressman is calling for criminal penalties for any government
agency that knew about the dangers of thimerosal in vaccines and did
nothing to protect American children. Congressman Dan Burton
(R-Indiana) during Congressional Hearing: "You mean to tell me that
since 1929, we've been using Thimerosal, and the only test that you
know of is from 1929, and every one of those people had mennigitis,
and they all died?" For nearly an hour, Burton repeatedly asked FDA
and CDC officials what they knew and when they knew it. (Thimerosal
contains a related mercury compound called ethyl mercury. Mercury is
a toxic metal that can cause immune, sensory, neurological, motor, and
Excerpt from the Wall Street Journal, Friday,
October 12, 2001 (front page)
Worries About Safety Of Its Anthrax Vaccine Put the Army in
a Bind. Soldiers Ordered Inoculated Against Biological Threat Claim
Harsh Side Effects. "...But soon after his first inoculation
in February, the 29-years-old Mr. Nietupski showed up at an urgent -care
facility with sores all over his mouth and throat. "The side of my tongue
was all raw with little canker sores, and bloody mucus was coming out
of my nose, " Mr. Nietupski says. His maladies, ultimately diagnosed
as an autoimmune disorder in which his body accidentaly attacked itself,
grew worse as he got the next two installements of the six-shot regime.
Mr. Nietupski and several of the doctors who have examined him, believe
the anthrax vaccine caused his severe reaction and may also be to blame
for the blood clots Mr. Nietupski experienced in his legs months later."read
the entire story in the Wall Street Journal, Friday, October 12, 2001
(front page) more on anthrax
Do you have a question about holistic health or need assistance?
Email Shirley or call 323-522-4521
Victory Over Crib Death
by Lendon H. Smith, MD
This article summarizes the book
The Infant Survival Guide: Protecting Your Baby from the Dangers of
Crib Death, Vaccines and Other Environmental Hazards, by Lendon H. Smith, MD
We propose a new paradigm. The conventional paradigm, or system of
thought about crib death, assumes the cause is unknown; and preventing
it is hopeless; that SIDS is multifactorial, that several mechanisms
can function, possibly several at the same time. Further, that no one
of these may be fatal, but a combination can kill; and that one can
only lower the risk and offer sympathy afterward. This approach to crib
death is a cop-out and a failure.
The New Paradigm
(A) SIDS has one primary cause, which we identify, noting a very
(B) And we present the preventives that have achieved 100-percent
success; whence the title: VICTORY OVER CRIB DEATH.
Sudden Infant Death Syndrome is an unexpected infant death, after
which thorough autopsy and examination of the death scene and circumstances
at time of death reveal no identifiable cause of death. SIDS risk begins
about two weeks after birth. It is the leading cause of death in months
one to six, declines rapidly after a peak in the third month when the
immune status received from the mother is ebbing, and is rare after
a year of age.
The definition “SIDS” is faulty, for two reasons.
(1) A syndrome is “the aggregate of symptoms associated with a disease
condition.” In crib death the only symptom is death itself. The “syndrome”
designation opened the door for well-paid specialists to enjoy a nice
lifestyle while investigating various “risk factors”--but ignoring the
(2) The term “sudden” also is inapplicable; we show that certain
precipitating events make crib death, and sometimes its probable date,
Before World War II, unexplained infant deaths were unusual. But
after 1950, the governments of nearly all the rich industrialized countries
(regarding Japanese practice, see later) required treatment of baby
and child mattresses with flame retardant chemicals. Phosphorus and
antimony were most commonly used; arsenic was sometimes added later
as a preservative.
Sadly, this well-intentioned measure was counterproductive in two
(1) American SIDS deaths ballooned 400-fold; the toll has since declined.
(2) Among knowledgeable observers, it is well known that the number
of baby deaths in residential blazes multiplied. Statistical evidence,
unfortunately, is not available.
The mechanism of death is identical in both types of tragedy: the
generation of extremely poisonous gases from the chemicals that had
been added—in all innocence. First, with regard to SIDS. Common, ordinarily
harmless household fungi such as Scopulariopsis brevicaulis and certain
microorganisms consume the phosphorus, arsenic, antimony, added as fire
retardants and plastic softeners.
In consuming the chemicals, the fungi emit the heavier-than-air neurotoxic
gases based on phosphine (PH3), arsine (AsH3) and stibine (SbH3).
These gases are about one thousand times more poisonous than carbon
monoxide, which can kill a person in a closed garage with a running
engine. They are about as toxic as Sarin, used in the 1980s Iran-Iraq
war and in a Tokyo terrorist subway poisoning in 1995.
In probably the worst environmental disaster of the 20th century,
these toxic gases have killed about one million victims of SIDS worldwide.
Gas generation starts when a mattress, containing both the chemicals
and the fungi, is warmed to body temperature in contact with the baby.
Perspiration, dribble, urine, vomit, body heat and—as we shall see,
critically important--high (alkaline) pH enable the fungi to grow and
generate gas rapidly.
If a mattress contains any antimony, for example, there is invariably
more than enough, when converted to stibine, to kill a baby. Breathed
for an extended time even in minute quantity, these nearly odorless
gases can interrupt the choline/acetylcholine transfer of nervous impulses
from the brain to the heart and lungs. That shuts down the central nervous
system; heart function and breathing stop. For another proposed mechanism
of toxic gas death, see later.
Most of these gases (phosphine is an exception, details below) remain
in a thin layer on the baby’s crib and diffuse away. But if enough gas
accumulates to a fatal dose, the parents know nothing of it until their
terrible discovery, typically the next morning. The attendant psychiatric
morbidity from needless guilt reactions is enormous. Every parent
of a small baby or parent-to-be is wondering, “Will my child become
a statistic? Will he/she have to die because of something I did or did
not do?” Older children are less at risk because the gases cause them
to develop a headache and call for help. For physiological reasons,
adults are not put at risk by such gas generation. As to how these gases
kill in house conflagrations, see later.
A fever, the God-given mechanism for killing dangerous organisms,
can become a two-edged sword. A rise in the temperature of mattress
and bedding in contact with the baby from 98.6 F to 104 F can make the
fungi more active and thus increase toxic gas generation tenfold or
more. Many boy babies have a faster metabolic rate and inhale a greater
volume of air than girls, and their slightly higher temperature causes
fungi to generate gases more rapidly. The result is higher SIDS risk:
in one study, the SIDS rate for boys was 30 percent higher than for
In some cases, fungal growth in PVC, polyvinyl chloride, a soft plastic
commonly used as the mattress covering, was associated with development
of a pink stain in the shape of the sleeping infant. Such mattresses
were always found to be generating one or more of the gases. (Richardson
asked, “Must babies still die?”) Pink stain often results from, and
demonstrates presence of, this type of fungal growth. There is even
a reference in the Bible to pinkish mildew, and a health warning given
To prevent crib death, an appropriate gas-impermeable barrier is
needed between mattress and baby. An inexpensive slip-on mattress cover
called BabeSafe®--invented by New Zealander T.J. Sprott, PhD--came to
market in New Zealand in 1996. Among one hundred thousand or so babies
sleeping on this/these product(s) there and elsewhere, not one crib
death has been reported.   An equally successful alternative
is to wrap the entire mattress using thick, clear polyethylene plastic;
see instructions with supply details at the end of this document.
Until BabeSafe® is obtained, or when its use might not be feasible
as while traveling, mothers can reduce (but not eliminate) the risk
of SIDS by elevating the head end of the crib an inch or two, letting
any of these heavier than air toxic gases flow to the foot end--and
dissipate away to the floor. A rolled towel prevents the baby from sliding.
According to an informal test reported in the 1960s by an American metropolitan
newspaper, that procedure prevented any crib deaths. We could not track
down the source. The result, mysterious at the time, is now readily
explained by the research outlined above. Also, ensure that baby sleeps
face up. A bassinet with impervious sides would trap gases.
The fungal generation of arsines in conditions of mildew has been
known for well over a hundred years. This killed thousands of children
in Europe in the 1800s; the Italian analytical chemist Gosio discovered
its cause in 1892.  Dr. Sprott proposed a toxic gas explanation
for SIDS in 1986. He is a consulting chemist and forensic scientist;
his success, notably in certain criminal cases, earned him great fame
and respect in New Zealand. In 1989, Mr. Barry A. Richardson, a widely
published British consulting scientist and expert in materials degradation,
independently came to the same conclusion, and then further refined
and elaborated the connection to crib death in the early 1990s.
 Dr. Sprott, who generously cooperated with us in writing our book
and this article, corroborated and strengthened the argument in 1996
in his compelling book, The Cot Death Cover-up?, cited above.
Also in 1989, British nonprofessional researcher Peter Mitchell,
deeply concerned at the high SIDS rate in Britain, made a further landmark
discovery. Studying records of hundreds of cases, he found that the
risk of crib death doubles from a mother’s first baby to her second
and doubles again from the second to the third baby. Others had noticed
this factor, but couldn’t explain higher SIDS risk among a mother’s
The Toxic Gas Explanation for SIDS makes it quite clear: the fungal
spores are established during prior use; and so gas production starts
sooner and in greater volume. Mr. Mitchell also found that infants of
poor single mothers, typically young and immature, have previously used
mattresses and bedding because they cannot afford new ones. Because
of this and the high stresses of daily living, they have seven times
greater risk than babies of wealthy parents, who almost always buy new
mattresses and bedding for their babies.
Similarly, in Taiwan from 1988 to 1992, babies born second to fourth
were 70 percent more likely to die of SIDS than the first; risk for
fifth or later babies was up 130 percent. The authors of this report
didn’t know about toxic gases, and so they couldn’t understand their
finding. Only the toxic gas hypothesis can explain these statistics--which
almost certainly apply to such countries as the U.S. and Canada.
The two discoveries, (1) One hundred percent protection by BabeSafe®
and (2) the doubled, then quadrupled risk in subsequent babies, appear
to destroy theories blaming SIDS on vaccinations (see later), poor nutrition,
rebreathing of CO2, or any medical cause. Also, as Dr. Sprott explains,
the totality of our knowledge about SIDS makes it clear that there is
only one cause.
As would be expected if toxic gases are the true cause, reducing
babies’ exposure to them lowered crib deaths. This is why face-up sleeping
reduced SIDS by removing the baby’s face somewhat from the mattress.
Toxic gas output from infants’ mattresses declined rapidly in Britain
after Mr. Richardson publicized his hypothesis in June 1989, and again
in December 1994 after he and Dr. Sprott dramatized the problem in “The
Cook Report,” a highly-rated program on BBC television. Parents bought
new mattresses that lacked the potential for toxic gas creation, or
properly wrapped old ones. Manufacturers quietly began to remove the
chemicals, which fire safety regulations had required. Before that,
the SIDS rate in Britain had been rising; it had reached a tragic new
peak in 1986-88 when more phosphorus was added to baby mattresses.
It fell for the first time immediately after Richardson’s 1989 announcement.
The ongoing, first-ever decline in Britain’s SIDS rate accelerated
in December 1991, after “Back-to-Sleep” publicity urged parents to put
babies to sleep face up.  The toxic gas hypothesis explains
the nearly worldwide drop in crib deaths, which followed that campaign.
Incidentally, New Zealand was the first country to make face-up sleeping
a national program, after research there proved its effectiveness. Some
babies are known to have rolled from side to prone before dying.
Yet, many SIDS victims have died sleeping face-up. The London Stationery
Office reported, of 305 SIDS babies put to bed face-up, 105 were found
dead still lying face-up. This refutes the claim that face-up sleeping
is the answer to SIDS.
SIDS incidence in Britain (0.7 per thousand live births) is now 70
percent lower than 1986-88, when it was 2.3 per 1,000. It is slightly
below the rate of about 0.75 per thousand (totaling about 3,000 a year,
on average, around eight now-avoidable SIDS tragedies every night) in
America, where parents follow advice of health agencies to varying degrees.
As explained below, there are many more crib deaths on each weekend
night than each weeknight.
The British Limerick Commission investigated and rejected the toxic
gas hypothesis. When read carefully, state Mr. Richardson, Dr. Sprott
and Dr. Michael Fitzpatrick, the tests reported in the commission’s
analysis clearly confirm the hypothesis--as demonstrated by the
success of proper mattress wrapping and BabeSafe® (not one crib death).
But the Commission’s final condensed summary, the only report that citizens
and physicians read, did not accurately state those findings. The commissioners,
who were already biased against the theory, knew that revealing the
truth could subject the British government to millions of pounds in
liability lawsuits. Such lying for financial reasons, sadly, is the
rule rather than the exception throughout medicine and science.
The facts sketched out above will surprise the "experts" who for
years shouted "Back to Sleep." Sleeping face up is a partial solution
because it makes the baby less likely to inhale heavier-than-air toxic
gases generated in the mattress, and that fact explains the worldwide
decline in SIDS after the “back to sleep” campaign. But it is far from
the total answer, mainly because babies can also absorb the toxic gases,
especially phosphine, through their skin. Also, phosphine is only slightly
heavier than air, and so a baby can die from inhaling that gas despite
sleeping face up. Babies have died of SIDS in almost any position;
one died in his mother’s arms. Our interpretation: when she picked
her baby up, he was already dying from gas exposure.
Ample Further Evidence Supports the Toxic Gas Explanation.
(a) After near misses, monitors of breathing and heartbeat confirm
the described sequence of events. And in SIDS autopsies, evidence
of lasting cerebral hypoxia (severe lack of oxygen in the brain) both
before and after birth corroborates the mechanism.  (See proposed
additional mechanism, below.)
(b) The body tissues of crib death babies and the mattresses on which
they died contain high concentrations of antimony, the source of stibine
gas, whereas bodies of babies who died of other causes and non-SIDS
inducing mattresses contain little or no detectable antimony. 
Remnants of phosphorus and arsenic are always present in the body naturally,
and so tracking them is not meaningful.
(c) The hair of living babies contains 10 to 100 times more antimony
than their parents’ hair, demonstrating that they were exposed to
gas generated from their mattresses. And about 95 percent of 200
consecutive SIDS babies in a 1989 test sample died on used mattresses.
(d) The decline in SIDS in Britain, cited above, itself powerfully
supports the toxic gas explanation.
A Proposed Extension of the Toxic Gas Theory.
Repeated, at times severe, episodes of hypoxemia (insufficient aeration
of arterial blood) or asphyxia, or both, occur in infants who are at
increased risk for SIDS.  Cyanosis, blue color of lips and nail
beds, which is very common in SIDS victims, results from lack of enough
Hypoxia is an abnormal condition resulting from a decrease in oxygen
supplied to or utilized by body tissues. Derrick Lonsdale, MD, calls
it hypo-oxidative metabolism; it kills tissues. “Any cell (except erythrocytes,
red blood cells) made hypoxic for a sufficient period is irreversibly
“Regarding injury to the brain, neuroscientists use the terms hypoxia
and ischemia interchangeably…. [Ischemia is a lack of oxygen-carrying
blood flow in an organ or tissue.] In local ischemia, cells in the center
of the ischemic zone are damaged most rapidly; cells in the surrounding
fluid (the ischemic penumbra) receive some oxygen from other blood vessels
and thus are less hypoxic.”
The killing of tissue leading to SIDS can take the form of apoptosis,
i.e. programmed cell suicide, or “cellular hari-kari,” which is
commonly associated with diseases of aging. Apoptosis wreaks greater
damage at higher body temperatures. That fits our proposal, below,
that inhalation of toxic gases—concentration of which is higher with
a fever--initiates apoptosis possibly leading to crib death. Cells at
the center of the hypoxic area can die, instead, by necrosis, i.e. rupturing
and spilling the cellular contents into the extracellular fluid.
Karen A. Waters, MD, et al, at Montreal Children’s Hospital found
neuronal apoptotic cells in 79 percent of 29 SIDS victims they examined,
but in no control cases. Apoptosis in two to three percent of neurons
can signify a cell regression rate of 25 percent per day; they found
apoptosis in more than 20 percent of such cells, implying rapid cell
death. Dr. Waters continues, “In SIDS victims, neuronal loss has been
reported in the brainstem arcuate nucleus, a region thought to be
involved in control of respiration… And we found significant neuronal
apoptosis in the nucleus of the tractus solitarius, a region involved
in autonomic and respiratory control [i.e. in making breathing an ‘automatic’
process not requiring conscious control].
“Repeated episodes of hypoxemia first lead to confirmed neuronal
apoptosis in select vulnerable brain regions. Then comes the disappearance
of a significant number of cells, and eventually impaired function.”
Inhalation of ammonia from the baby’s feces can aggravate hypoxia/hypoxemia.
Ammonia combines with and inactivates carbon dioxide; the baby needs
free CO2 to trigger the breathing reflex.
Dr. Waters’ research team found evidence of an unidentified serious
insult, probably within 24-48 hours of death. Conventional (Paradigm
1) researchers have long written of hypoxia causing crib death, but
they have not always studied its sources. We propose that the referenced
insult is inhalation of toxic gases night after night. This offers a
plausible mechanism of death, concurrent with that presented earlier:
interruption of choline/acetylcholine transfer of nervous impulses from
the brain to the heart and lungs. If this toxicity destroys the nerve
function, the two explanations become one.
Apoptosis, interestingly, is also an important homeostatic, health
promoting process during central nervous system development. 
Hypoxia also promotes formation of tiny, electrically imbalanced
particles known as free radicals (also called oxidants). A free radical
is an atom or atom group carrying an unpaired electron in its outer
ring; as a result, free radicals are unbalanced and highly reactive.
They dart about the body damaging cells; and any molecule they meet,
in turn becomes a free radical, potentially starting a chain reaction
that could damage tissues and perhaps cause SIDS.
Other free radicals reach our bodies through toxins in the air, water,
and food, or are generated inside us as part of our defensive response
to infection or other stress. In excess, they promote diseases of all
kinds and aging.  An antioxidant molecule donates an electron
so as to quench a free radical.
All this valuable research is helpful, but it does not explain the
ultimate cause. As Dr. Sprott points out, what is it that brings all
these conditions about? They do not just happen! The common thread is
the poisoning, and all the symptoms and findings reported above are
completely explained by gaseous poisoning with a “nerve gas.”
The toxic gas explanation therefore casts new light on poorly understood
aspects of these unmitigated family tragedies. Crib death is most common
in industrialized countries where baby mattresses contain any of the
three listed chemicals. In countries such as Japan, Hong Kong and the
Pacific Islands, people use for their beds either chemicals-free cotton
or simple woven floor mats. Fungi are ubiquitous. But without
chemicals to consume--either artificially added or naturally present
in bedding--the fungi create no toxic gases. Preservatives and fire
retardants in Japan use safe boron; SIDS is slowly rising there as parents
adopt Western style mattresses and bedding.
Toxic gases arise from sheepskins and other "natural" bedding such
as tea-tree bark fibers, which are widely used throughout Australia
and New Zealand. The New Zealand Cot Death Study, 1987-90, found that
half of all crib deaths occurred on sheepskins. Depending on the
soil on which the sheep graze, their skins can contain phosphorus, arsenic
and/or antimony, often in high concentration. Tea-tree bark normally
contains phosphorus, since the trees excrete toxins into their bark.
Recent research, presented for the first time at the SIDS 2000 conference
(Auckland, New Zealand, February 2000) by professor Bill Cullen from
University of British Columbia, proved the generation of an arsine from
sheepskins containing arsenic. The sheepskins tested were provided to
Dr. Cullen by Dr. Sprott, who had obtained them from parents who had
lost to SIDS babies sleeping on the very same sheepskins.
What About Nutrition?
Poor nutrition has never been proved to increase SIDS risk, and good
nutrition, including breastfeeding, has not been proved to lower SIDS
risk. Mothers who start bottle-feeding early typically live in low-income
families and re-use baby mattresses. (Note: Massive intake of vitamin
C to stamp out SIDS--see later--was chemical, not nutritional.)
Proponents of nutritional theories relate incidence to geographical
areas and census data showing low and high levels of one or more nutrients.
But they have not suggested a realistic manner in which death would
occur: the guillotine, which does the actual killing. Regions with higher
concentrations of dietary iodine, e.g., appear to have lower SIDS risk
than areas with less dietary iodine. Similarly, low dietary thiamine
has been blamed.   Derrick Lonsdale, MD, halted babies’
apneas and prevented what he judged to be inevitable SIDS deaths by
supplementing thiamine. In a letter he told of a baby who nearly
became a SIDS casualty from a slow carbon monoxide leak, which would
have killed but for being turned off.
Correlation doesn’t prove causation, and epidemiological findings
prove nothing. Epidemiology is the study of all the elements contributing
to the occurrence or non-occurrence of a disease in a population. Proof
of any nutritional theory of SIDS would require:
(1) Collection of tissue samples from SIDS babies and from infants
who died of known causes.
(2) Consistently lower iodine (or thiamine, etc.) would have to be
found in the SIDS autopsies.
(3) A mechanism would have to be proposed and supported.
(4) Most difficult: in light of Peter Mitchell’s findings given earlier,
crib death risk caused by such nutrient deficiency would have to be
consistently twice as high in a mother’s second baby and twice as high
again for her third baby. In fact, most families maintain their nutritional
practices about constant throughout their child-rearing years.
(5) And the reason for insufficiency of a nutrient to cause such
upward steps in risk would have to be proposed and supported.
Poor nutrition tends to accompany low-income status, and that leads
to re-use of fungus-infected bedding. In California, SIDS incidence
in 1972 ranged from 0.5l among Chinese and Japanese Americans who consume
iodine-rich seaweed, to 5.93 among Native Americans who ingest little
iodine.  One could reason that the incomes of the Oriental Americans
were much higher than the Native Americans’ and that they therefore
didn’t resort to used baby mattresses.
But then, a U.S. map of SIDS mortality in 1984 showed incidence at
least twice as high in the Pacific Northwest as in California and the
Pacific Southwest. That would be difficult to explain on the basis
of family incomes. Harold Foster, PhD, shows that areas of low selenium,
including the Northwest, are areas of high SIDS risk. There still is
no mechanism of killing.
So the explanation advanced by Mr. Richardson, Dr. Sprott, and Mr.
Peter Mitchell, and our enlargement of the theory do not clarify everything.
But they may explain over 95 percent of crib deaths.
There can be exceptions:
(1) Iron overload can “literally tear apart” babies, both of whose
parents have hemochromatosis.  Disease organisms and cancer
microbes feed on iron, a potent catalyst for generation of extremely
damaging free radicals--and starve without it. And so iron-heavy
infant formulas and iron drops can cause truly sudden death in event
of botulism, which might not otherwise be serious.  High tissue
iron concentrations may also lower resistance to fever and gas-promoting
infection in babies not protected against the gases, and raise susceptibility
to tissue damage throughout life. This mechanism of killing isn’t
related directly to the nutrient or toxin.
(2) Microwave warming of breast milk, baby formula and baby food
weakens their infection-protective features, adversely affects the blood,
 and could make baby more susceptible to a given level of toxic
gases. Microwaving also generates free radicals. Resulting fevers
would increase concentration of toxic gases.
(3) Excess sodium or unusually high concentrations of poorly absorbed
manufactured thiamine, folic acid and vitamin B12  have been
found in crib death autopsies. High lead levels have been reported in
blood. BabeSafe® or proper mattress wrapping would appear to circumvent
each of these possible mechanisms.
Smoke residues from American cigarettes are “laced with sugar and
dupe the gut into expecting food, triggering insulin release.” (Japanese
and South African cigarettes, among others, do not contain sugar and
toxic additives.  The late, renowned internist and cardiologist
Moses M. Suzman, MD, of Johannesburg confirmed the statement about South
African cigarettes and said that South African blacks, despite heavily
smoking unfiltered cigarettes, do not develop lung cancer.) The
smoke residues inactivate certain enzymes and induce peroxidation (formation
of excess hydrogen peroxide) in the baby’s blood plasma, or the
cadmium in cigarette smoke catalyzes oxidation in the babies’ lung tissue
when there is a deficiency of vitamin E and selenium. Either mechanism
makes babies more susceptible to gaseous death if the mattress is generating
the gases. 
Maternal smoking associates itself with higher SIDS risk in not properly
protected shared beds: relative risk was 9.25 (95% confidence intervals
2.31 to 34.02). (Babies of mothers who smoked were over nine times
likelier to be victims of SIDS than those of nonsmoking mothers. Confidence
intervals are a statistical refinement.) BabeSafe® cannot protect babies
against other damage inflicted by cigarette smoke.
In Britain, smoking was much more common in the 1930s-1940s than
now. But crib death was virtually non-existent, because fire retardant
chemicals weren’t added to mattresses until after the war. In Russia
and Yugoslavia, despite heavy parental smoking SIDS scarcely exists.
Rubber sheeting and cotton mattresses do not permit toxic gases to form
and reach the baby. Also, Russian parents have long swaddled babies
heavily to keep them immobile, while they go off to farm or factory.
Such wrapping would increase SIDS risk through gas generation if the
babies were exposed to it (see below).
The apparent link between smoking and SIDS is, however, in large
part simply an association. Crib death has a strong socio-economic bias
and so does the incidence of smoking. There is little if any cause-and-effect
association. Smoking is more prevalent in lower socio-economic groups,
and these people are also more likely to use old, pre-used mattresses.
Do you have a question about holistic health or need assistance?
Email Shirley or call 323-522-4521